Derek Jarman (English, 1942-1994) was an artist, filmmaker, gardener and activist who is considered a central figure of twentieth-century British culture. A renowned director, cinematographer and set designer, he is best known for his avant-garde art films. Many of his films explored the lives of gay and bisexual historical figures, including Caravaggio (1986) and Wittgenstein (1993), despite the dominant conservatism of the time. Gardening was a source of healing and happiness throughout the duration of his illness before he died of AIDS-related complications in 1994. His Prospect Cottage garden still remains today as a tribute to his life and work.